Black Pepper

Description

Black Pepper

Black and White Pepper are both obtained from the small dried berry of the vine Piper nigrum. For Black Pepper, the berries are picked while still green, allowed to ferment and are then sun-dried until they shrivel and turn a brownish-black color. They have a hot, piney taste.

Uses

Black Pepper adds flavor to almost every food of every nation in the world. It is used in rubs, spice blends, salad dressings, and peppercorn blends.

Origins

The principal exporters for Black Pepper are India (Malabar and Tellicherry Pepper), Indonesia (Lampong Pepper), Brazil and Malaysia. Tellicherry is actually a special type of Malabar Pepper designated for its bold size and uniform appearance. Both have excellent flavor, aroma and pungency properties. The flavor and aroma of Lampong Pepper is similar to the Malabar type. The Malaysian and Brazilian varieties are relatively milder in flavor.

Folklore

Because pepper can be stored for many years without losing its flavor and aroma, it has long been known as the master spice. Pepper was so precious in ancient times that it was used as money to pay taxes, tributes, dowries, and rent. It was weighed like gold and used as a common medium of exchange. In A.D. 410, when Rome was captured, 3,000 pounds of pepper were demanded as ransom.

Quick Facts

Whole Black Pepper Whole Black Pepper
Coarse Black Pepper Coarse Black Pepper
Ground Black Pepper Ground Black Pepper

Color

Uniform and nut-like

Flavor & Aroma

Hot, biting

Sensory Profile

Black Pepper has a sharp, penetrating aroma and a characteristic woody, piney flavor. It is hot and biting to taste.
Health Research
: MSI Funded
Clinical research conducted at the University of Georgia investigated whether a single dose of black pepper or rosemary produced short-term enhancements in sustained attention, motivation to perform cognitive tasks, or feelings of mental energy and fatigue.
Scientists from The University of California investigated the effect of consumption of a hamburger cooked with a polyphenol-rich spice mixture on postprandial lipid oxidation and endothelial dysfunction in men with Type 2 diabetes.
A small crossover study that examined the effects of a spice-containing meal on blood antioxidant capacity and various metabolic factors including glucose and insulin concentrations.

View more Black Pepper research