Black Pepper


Black Pepper

Black and White Pepper are both obtained from the small dried berry of the vine Piper nigrum. For Black Pepper, the berries are picked while still green, allowed to ferment and are then sun-dried until they shrivel and turn a brownish-black color. They have a hot, piney taste.


Black Pepper adds flavor to almost every food of every nation in the world. It is used in rubs, spice blends, salad dressings, and peppercorn blends.


The principal exporters for Black Pepper are India (Malabar and Tellicherry Pepper), Indonesia (Lampong Pepper), Brazil and Malaysia. Tellicherry is actually a special type of Malabar Pepper designated for its bold size and uniform appearance. Both have excellent flavor, aroma and pungency properties. The flavor and aroma of Lampong Pepper is similar to the Malabar type. The Malaysian and Brazilian varieties are relatively milder in flavor.


Because pepper can be stored for many years without losing its flavor and aroma, it has long been known as the master spice. Pepper was so precious in ancient times that it was used as money to pay taxes, tributes, dowries, and rent. It was weighed like gold and used as a common medium of exchange. In A.D. 410, when Rome was captured, 3,000 pounds of pepper were demanded as ransom.

Quick Facts

Whole Black Pepper Whole Black Pepper
Coarse Black Pepper Coarse Black Pepper
Ground Black Pepper Ground Black Pepper


Uniform and nut-like

Flavor & Aroma

Hot, biting

Sensory Profile

Black Pepper has a sharp, penetrating aroma and a characteristic woody, piney flavor. It is hot and biting to taste.
Health Research
: MSI Funded
Researchers at Johns Hopkins University studied the effects of a behavioral intervention, which emphasized spices and herbs, on the maintenance of sodium intake at the recommended intake of 1500 mg/d.
Researchers in Baltimore City, Maryland determined whether an experiential nutrition education intervention focusing on spices and herbs ("Spice MyPlate") was feasible and improved diet quality and healthy eating attitudes among an urban and predominantly African-American sample of adolescents more than standard nutrition education alone.
Researchers at the UCLA School of Medicine conducted a study to evaluate the impact of spices added to broccoli, cauliflower, and spinach on amount and rate of vegetable consumption.

View more Black Pepper research